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股东会决议无效之诉和撤销之诉的司法实务

发布时间: 2020/03/21 15:18:27

有限责任公司的股东会决议具有约束公司及其常设机关的效力,因此,其内容和程序必需要符合法律和公司章程的规定。我国《公司法》第22大发快三平台条规定了如果股东会决议的内容或召开程序违法或违反公司章程,股东可以起诉要求法院宣告股东会决议无效或者申请撤销股东会决议。近年来,上海法院受理的要求宣告股东会决议无效或撤销的诉讼逐渐增加,本文从理论及实务二方面对这二种诉讼作逐一探讨。

一、股东会决议的无效之诉

1、股东会决议无效之诉的原告主体

大发快三平台WUXIAOZHISUZAIFALVSHANGSHUYUQUERENZHISU,JINGUANLILUNSHANGSHUO,ZHIYAOCUNZAISUSONGQUANYIDERENDOUKEYITIQIWUXIAOZHISU,DANSHIYOUYUGUDONGHUIJUEYIYOUXIAOCHENGLIZHIHOU,DUIGUDONG、DONGSHI、JIANSHIYIJIGAOGUANJUNJUYOUYUESHULI,YINCI,DANGGUDONGDAHUIJUEYICUNZAIWUXIAOYUANYINSHI,GUDONG、DONGSHIHUI、JIANSHIHUIYIJIBUSHEDONGSHIHUIDEJIANSHIJUNYOUQUANTIQISUSONG,CONGERCHENGWEISHIGEDEYUANGAO。

2、股东会决议无效之诉的被告的确认

CONG《GONGSIFA》DETIAOWENSHANGLAIKAN,GUANYUSHEIYINGCHENGWEIGUDONGHUIJUEYIWUXIAOZHISUDEBEIGAOZHUTIGUIDINGBINGBUMINGQUE,ZAIDAFAKUAISANPINGTAICAOZUODEANJIANZHONG,DAFAKUAISANPINGTAIYIBANLIEGONGSIWEIBEIGAO,QITAGUDONGWEIDISANREN。CIJUYIDEDAOFAYUANDERENKE。ZUIJINZUIGAORENMINFAYUANFABUDEGUANYUGONGSIFASIFAJIESHISIYEDUICIJINXINGLEQUEREN。

3、什么情况下可以提起无效之诉

1大发快三平台)违反法律强制定规定和行政法规的决议无效

GUDONGHUIJUEYINEIRONGWEIFANQIANGZHIXINGFALVHEXINGZHENGFAGUI,SHIGUDONGHUIJUEYIWUXIAODEYUANYIN。FALVSHIZHIQUANGUORENDAYIJIQUANGUORENDACHANGWEIHUIZHIDINGDEFALV,ERXINGZHENGFAGUISHIZHIGUOWUYUANZHIDINGDETIAOLI、JUEDINGDENG。GEBUWEIYIJIDIFANGZHENGFUHUORENDAZHIDINGDEFAGUIBUGOUCHENGGUDONGHUIJUEYIWUXIAODELIYOU。

2大发快三平台)违反公司章程不构成决议无效的理由

GONGSIZHANGCHENGSHIGONGSIDEZIZHIGUIFAN,GONGSIZHANGCHENGJINJINGUIFANGUDONG、DONGSHI、JIANSHIJIGONGSIGAOGUANDEXINGWEI,GUDONGHUIJUEYIWEIFANGONGSIZHANGCHENGSHI,DISANRENWANGWANGWUCONGZHIXIAO,RUJIANGJUEYINEIRONGWEIFANGONGSIZHANGCHENGRENDINGWEIWUXIAO,HUIYINGXIANGJIAOYIANQUAN。YINCI,WOGUOGONGSIFAGUIDINGBINGWEIJIANGWEIFANGONGSIZHANGCHENGDEJUEYIZUOWEIGONGSIGUDONGHUIJUEYIWUXIAODELIYOU。

4、诉讼时效

股东会决议无效之诉的诉讼时效为二年(新的民法总则规定为三年,自2017101日起执行),理论上来说,应当自适格原告知道或者应当知股东会决议内容违反法律或行政法规之日起计算。但是在诉讼实践中,法院将诉讼时效一律定为自股东会决议作出之日起二年。这就产生了一个实际的问题,有些股东根本就没有被通知参加股东会,等他知道了已经超过二年了,其权利如何保障?笔者认为法院此举违法,但是对法院对于维护交易安全的努力表示理解。

5、无效判决的法律后果

GUDONGHUIJUEYIWUXIAO,YIWEIZHEGONGSIJUEYIZISHIBUFASHENGFALVXIAOLI。GONGSIJUEYIWUXIAOCHULEBUFASHENGBIAOJUEQUANZHANYOUSHIDIWEIDEGUDONGYUSHIXIANDEFALVXIAOGUOWAI,HAIHUIFASHENGQITALIANDAIDEXIAOGUO。LIRU,KONGGUGUDONGGENJUGUDONGHUIJUEYIKAICHUMOUGUDONGDEGUDONGZIGESHI,BEIKAICHUDEDEGUDONGXIANGYOUGUDONGZIGEHUIFUQINGQIUQUAN;GUDONGGENJUWUXIAODEGUDONGHUIJUEYIFENQUGULISHI,GONGSIDUIFENQUGULIDEGUDONGXIANGYOUBUDANGDELIQINGQIUQUAN;DANGGUDONGHUIJUEYISHEJIFADINGBIANGENGERBEIXUANGAOWUXIAOSHI,GONGSIYINGXIANGGONGSHANGXINGZHENGGUANLIJIGUANSHENQINGCHEXIAOBIANGENGDENGJI。

二、股东会决议的可撤销之诉

WOGUOGONGSIFADUIGUDONGHUIJUEYIDEZHAOJICHENGXU、BIAOJUEFANGSHIZUOCHULEQIANGZHIXINGDEGUIDING,TONGSHIYUNXUGONGSIZHANGCHENGDUIFALVMEIYOUGUIDINGDENEIRONGZUOCHUBUCHONGXINGDEGUIDING。ZHEIYANG,BIANWEIGUDONGHUIJUEYICHEXIAOZHISUTIGONGLELILUNYIJU。

1、撤销之诉的原告

WOGUOGONGSIFAXIANDINGGUDONGHUIJUEYICHEXIAOQUANZHISUDESHIGEYUANGAOWEIGONGSIGUDONG。DONGSHI、JIANSHI、GAOGUANDENGJUNBUNENGCHENGWEICHEXIAOZHISUDEYUANGAO。

2、撤销之诉的被告

ZAIFALVSHIWUZHONG,YIBANYINGLIEGONGSIWEIBEIGAO,QITAGUDONGWEIDISANREN。

3、撤销的理由

GENJUFALVGUIDING,GUDONGHUIHUIYIDEZHAOJICHENGXU、BIAOJUEFANGSHIWEIFANFALV、XINGZHENGFAGUIHUOZHEGONGSIZHANGCHENG,HUOZHEGUDONGHUIJUEYIDENEIRONGWEIFANGONGSIZHANGCHENGDE,GUDONGKEYIQINGQIURENMINFAYUANCHEXIAO。

4大发快三平台、撤销权之诉提起诉讼的期间

GONGSIFAGUIDING,GUDONGKEYIZIJUEYIZUOCHUZHIRIQILIUSHIRINEI,QINGQIURENMINFAYUANCHEXIAO。LIUSHIRIDEQIJIANWEIGUDINGDEQIJIAN,BUCUNZAIZHONGDUANHUOZHONGZHI。BINGQIESHICONGJUEYIZUOCHUZHIRIQIJISUAN,YUQIBUTIQI,GAIJUEYIJIWEIYOUXIAO。

大发快三平台ZHEILICUNZAIZHEHEWUXIAOZHISUXIANGTONGDEWENTI: YOUXIEXIAOGUDONG,KENENGGENBENJIUBUZHIDAOJUEYIZUOCHUZHEIYISHISHI。GUOLELIUSHITIAN,QIBIANWUQUANTIQISUSONG,ZAIZHEIZHONGTIAOJIANXIA,RUHETIGONGJIUJIDETUJING,YINGGAIHUISHIGONGSIFAZAICIXIUDINGSHISUOGUANZHUDEJIAODIANZHIYI。

大发快三平台(ZUOZHE: BOLITUAN,SHANGHAIDABANGDAFAKUAISANPINGTAIZHIYELVSHI)


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